Kalpana Chawla was India’s first female aeronautical engineer to travel in space. She became a role model for Indians in terms of contribution to the field of aeronautics.
She was just an ordinary Indian girl, with her extraordinary courage and ambition, became a source of encouragement for women to follow their dreams and work hard to succeed.
Kalpana was born on 17 March 1962 in Karnal, a small town in Haryana. His parents were Banarasi Lal Chawla and Sanjyothi, who had three daughters and a son, of whom Kalpana was the youngest.
Kalpana Chawla’s studies
She passed out of Tagore Bal Niketan School in Karna, India in 1976. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College, India.
Earned a Master of Science degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Texas in 1982. In 1988 and a 1988 Doctorate of Philosophy in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Colorado.
In 1988, Kalpana Chawla started working at the NASA AIIMS Research Center, a field of powered-liquid computational fluid dynamics. His research focused on the simulation of complex airflow around the aircraft.
Upon completion of this project, he conducted research into the mapping of flow solvers of parallel computers and supported the testing of these solvers by completing powered lift vibrations.
Development and implementation of efficient technologies
In 1993, Kalpana Chawla joined Oversett Methods Inc., Los Altos, as Vice President and Research Scientist, and several researchers were sent to form a team, providing information about many-body problems. She was responsible for developing and implementing efficient techniques for optimizing aerodynamics.
NASA selected as an astronaut
Selected by NASA in December 1994, Kalpana Chawla presented the Johnson Space Center as an astronaut candidate in the 15th group of astronauts in March 1995.
After completing a year of training and evaluation he was assigned as the crew representative to resolve technical issues for the astronaut office EVA / Robotics and Computer Branches.
His work included work on the development of robotic suspension awareness displays and testing space shuttle control software at the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory.
In November 1996, Kalpana Chawla was assigned to STS-8- (19 November to 5 December 1997) as a mission specialist and chief robotic arm operator.
The STS-87 was the fourth US microgravity payload flight and researched how processes would affect the Earth’s outer atmosphere.
Kalpana Chawla traveled 10.4 million miles in Z52 orbits of the Earth and entered 376 hours and 34 minutes of space. He was again assigned on his second flight mission as part of Plight TS-107. During this mission, several disturbances and cracks in the shuttle engine flow liners were detected.
The mission was delayed and finally launched in 2003. On 16 January 2003, she flew the spacecraft Columbia flight STS-107. STS-107 Columbia (January 16 to February 1, 2003), the 16-day flight was a dedicated science and research mission.
In two alternate innings, the crew performed approximately 80 experiments while working 24 hours. As the shuttle returned to Earth, it deteriorated and disintegrated. The STS-107 mission ended abruptly on 1 February 2003, killing 6 people, including Kalpana.
Instead of a celebration, a pond of sadness descended as much as the country had seen video footage depicting the dismantling of the spacecraft Colombia, in February 2004, Kalpana was posthumously awarded the Honorable Space Medal awarded by the United States Government.
Xi was awarded the NASA Space Flight Medal and NASA’s Distinguished Service Medal for honoring Kalpana Chawla, India’s weather satellite METSAT has been named Kalpana-1.
Establishment of Kalpana Chawla Award
The Haryana government also established the Kalpana Chawla Planetarium at Jyotisar, Kurukshetra, Kalpana Chawla Government Medical Institute in Kamal, Haryana. The Kalpana Chawla Award was instituted in 2004 by Kamak Sarkar.
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur named Kalpana Chawla Space Technology Cell in her honor. Kalpana Chawla is such a person who reached such a height with her strong will power and her achievements.