Have you ever seen the drumming or booze ringing around the birth of a daughter in your neighborhood or neighborhood? I might not have seen it and I have seen it somewhere In fact, we as Indians are proud to be Indians of the 21st century, celebrate happiness when a son is born, and be quiet if a daughter is born.
There is so much love for the boy that we have been killing girls at birth or before birth since ancient times in the desire for the birth of boys, and if it is not killed then we will find many ways to discriminate with them throughout life. Let’s take it.
We worship goddesses but exploit women. As far as our perspective on women is concerned, our society is a society of double standards where our thoughts and teachings are different from our actions.
Women are discriminated against on the basis of gender inequality. In this world, from the old times until the present day, women are seen as weak. Where she is surrounded by the exploitation, insult & discrimination of her home & this society.
According to the latest report of the World Economic Forum, India ranks 87 in the world in the combined assessment of the indicators of women’s economic participation and opportunity, educational achievements, health and life expectancy & political empowerment.
The dwindling participation of women in the country’s workforce and inadequate representation of women in Parliament is a matter of concern. Sex ratio is a highly sensitive indicator that reflects the status of women. The sex ratio in children is steadily decreasing. The imbalance in the population is created due to the constantly decreasing sex ratio, which leads to many social problems like increasing crime against women.
All these indicators reflect the dismal status of women in relation to gender equality and fundamental rights. Therefore, for the empowerment of women, the government implements various schemes and programs every year so that women get their benefits, but the ground reality is that even after the implementation of such programs, there is no significant change in the status of women.
According to the famous sociologist Sylvia Walbe, “Patriarchy is a system of social structure in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women” and the root cause of gender inequality in Indian society lies in this patriarchal system is. The exploitation of women is a centuries-old cultural phenomenon of Indian society. The patriarchal system has gained its legitimacy and acceptance from our religious beliefs, be it Hindu, Muslim, or any other religion.
Some of the reasons for the low status of women in society are extreme poverty and lack of education. Due to poverty and lack of education, many women are forced to do domestic work on low wages, perform prostitution, or work as migrant laborers. Not only are women given unequal salaries, but low-skill jobs are offered to them, whose pay scales are very low. It has become a major form of gender inequality.
Educating the girl from childhood is still considered a bad investment because one day she will get married and will have to leave her father’s house and go to another house. Therefore, due to a lack of good education, most of the women are currently unable to fulfill the conditions of skills required for the job. Women get what they want to eat, which is left after the men of the family eat. Therefore, due to a lack of proper and nutritious food, women become victims of many diseases.
Apart from the legal provisions of gender equality, the allocation of funds for women’s empowerment and child welfare in a country’s budget is called the Gender Budget.
Indeed, in the last two-three decades, the term gender budgeting has emerged on the global stage. Through this, women are given the benefit of government schemes.
Since 2005, India formally adopted Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) in the financial budget to end discrimination against women and promote gender equality. The objective of the GRB is to address gender concerns through fiscal policies. Every year since 2005, a quote has been added to the annual budget, which is listed in two parts – Part ‘A’ and Part ‘B’. Part A mentions such schemes related to the welfare of women, in which 100 percent allocation is done for the welfare of women.
At the same time, in Part B, such schemes are mentioned in which at least 30 percent allocation is done for the welfare of women. Significantly, in collaboration with the Finance Ministry, significant progress has been made in reducing gender inequality through GRBs at the central and state levels (16 states have adopted GRBs so far).
It is to be noted that according to a report of the International Monetary Fund, the rate of girl child enrollment has been observed in schools in the states implementing GRB.
Despite significant progress, to ensure the benefit of GRB to every woman, we have to pay attention to a few things. In recent years, it has been seen that either a small amount has been allocated under the GRB or it has remained the same in all the years.
In the budget for the financial year 2016-17, the allocation of the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the National Commission for Women was not properly increased, while no allocation was made for the scheme brought for the implementation of the Domestic Violence Act.
Significantly, the number of ministries under GRB has also been reduced and the allocation for women’s welfare is being decentralized.
In order to achieve the objectives of GRB, the need is that GRB should be made a practical plan for women’s welfare rather than a symbolic scheme. It is worth mentioning that till now only such schemes have been included in the GRB, whose concerns are directly related to women’s welfare.
Issues like energy, urban development, food security, water supply & sanitation will also have to be linked to women’s welfare indirectly but all of them significantly affect the welfare of women. Instead of making women a direct beneficiary through gender budgeting, they have to be an important link in the development journey.
Although gender budgeting can play an important role in eliminating gender inequality, it will require policies through the GRB to be more effective and comprehensive, ensuring fair and practical allocation. For genuine reforms, gender budgeting will have to be linked with the economic independence and self-sufficiency of women. In fact, the formula for gender equality is also linked to labor reforms and social security laws, whether to ensure equal pay for working women or to guarantee a secure job.
The laws of maternity leave applicable in the government sector will also have to be strictly enforced in the private and unorganized sector. India can be freed from the bonds of gender inequality only by a unified effort of gender budgeting and social reforms.