Gandhiji used to say that India is a country of villages. More than 80 percent of our country’s population lives in villages, whose main profession is farming.
On this also, from time to time India has to import food grains on a large scale. This situation is very sad. This situation led to the Green Revolution to deal effectively with Ga.
Its proponent was our former Prime Minister Mr. Lal Bahadur Shastri. Who gave the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ to the country. After his untimely death, the program was run from 1967-68. It is a type of agricultural revolution.
Nature of the Green Revolution
The huge program of high yielding seeds, use of chemical fertilizers, water and electricity for irrigation, pesticides, etc. can be called Green Revolution. Agricultural scientists have contributed to this. They discovered succulent seeds, which may yield many times more than before. The research of many types of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and the treatment of plant diseases have also contributed in this direction.
This has led to a big increase in acreage against wheat in our country. But it did not have a significant impact on rice production. Therefore, to be honest, it should be called the wheat revolution. Rice is the staple food of most of the people of our country. Wheat is cultivated only on about 275 parts of the total area of food grains cultivation. We have not been able to find high yielding rice seeds in the climate of India till now. The use of tools and machinery used in agriculture has also helped in the Green Revolution.
Overall, there has been an unprecedented increase in the production of wheat in the country as a result of this revolution. The yield per acre has also increased greatly with chemical fertilizers and improved seeds. The Green Revolution has given farming a form of business. Therefore, a lot of capital is required in farming. Most of the farmers in India are poor. Their agricultural holdings are also very low. Therefore, only rich farmers have been able to enjoy the real benefits of this revolution.
Shortcomings of the Green Revolution
Scientists in laboratories played their role correctly and made this revolution effective, but we could not be particularly successful in reaching the fields. There are several reasons for this. The first drawback has been that the right synergy in the production and distribution of goods required for the Green Revolution has not been established. The farmers do not get all these things together at the right time.
If these materials are not available in time, the cost increases, but the yield is not as high. Seeing this, the farmers get frustrated. The second drawback has been irrigation and electricity. After the use of advanced seeds and chemical fertilizers, if they do not get water at the right time, then the plants get burnt and the yield is greatly reduced.
They require more water than traditional farming. Due to a lack of electricity, tube wells do not get water in time. The third major problem is money. This cultivation incurs substantial costs. Due to a lack of funds, most farmers are unable to collect all the items on time. The illiteracy of the farmers is also a big reason, because of which the Green Revolution has not been fully taken advantage of.
Efforts of the Government in making the revolution effective
The government is constantly working to make the Green Revolution a success. Loans to farmers at low interest have been arranged by nationalized banks and cooperative banks. Arrangements have been made to provide all the agricultural commodities to the farmers at concessional prices.
They are being encouraged to adopt these measures by widespread publicity among the farmers. In the construction of tubewells, the government provides a large amount of money in the form of grants and the rest in the form of loans.
Despite the power supply in the country – even at the time of irrigation, electricity is given to them on the basis of primary and at cheaper rates. Arrangements for loans and grants have been made for the purchase of machinery and equipment. Still, we have not been able to achieve complete success.
We still have a lot to do for the success of the Green Revolution. 1 It has to be well understood among farmers about its need and importance. We can inspire them for co-operation by placing examples abroad in front of them. Cooperative farming can prove to be very powerful in making the Green Revolution a success.