Bharatmala Project means the National Highway Development Project. Under this, apart from the new highway, those projects will also be completed, so far they are incomplete.
Ports and roads, making national corridors much better & developing them are also included in this project. Under this scheme, national highways connecting backward areas, religious and tourist places will also be built. Connectivity between Char Dham Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri & Gangotri will be improved.
Roads play an important role in the economic and social development of a country. A road is not just concrete or bitumen in itself, but the areas through which roads pass brings a ray of development with them.
The difference in the roads network in the eastern and western parts of India is also clearly visible.
Interconnect all areas
The Bharatmala project will start from Gujarat and Rajasthan, move towards Punjab & then cover the borders of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar with the entire Himalayan states – Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Terai regions and West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal India will go to the border of Myanmar in the state, Manipur & Mizoram. Special emphasis will be laid on providing connectivity in remote rural areas including tribal and backward areas.
Bharatmala Complete Project
The entire project of Bharatmala is 60,000 km. The first phase covers 10,000 km of projects lying incomplete under NHDP with 24,800 km.
It is estimated to cost 5,35,000 crore. The first phase of Bharatmala will start from 2017-18, five years to 2021-22 It will be completed in a period of.
Plan to build an economic corridor
The Economic Corridor plans to build 44 economic corridors in the country. In the first phase, 9,000 km of road will be developed as an economic corridor.
Ring road in 28 cities, a bypass in 45 cities & increased lane expansion in 34 corridors will save time, fuel & money. This will increase the freight capacity and will reduce the logistics cost from 18% to 12%.
Border and international contacts
It has entered into an agreement to increase trade with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal. The scheme will benefit the most from connecting the northeast region with these countries.
The Bharatmala Plan will enable better connectivity to the border areas, military transport will be better if roads are better. Once these roads are built, border trade will also increase. Also, better roads in many states will accelerate economic activity. Most of the roads in this scheme will be built in the hilly states, where connectivity and economic activity are weak.